Both CNC machining centers and CNC lathes belong to CNC machine tools. Their machining performance is higher than that of ordinary machine tools. The advantage is a high degree of automation. A lathe is called a CNC lathe, a milling machine equipped with a CNC system is called a CNC milling machine, and the tool magazine is installed on the CNC milling machine, it is called a machining center.
However, the number of motion axes of CNC lathe machining and CNC machining center is different. CNC lathes control two motion axes, while machining centers are at least three-axis control linkage or four-axis or five-axis linkage.
Looking at the difference between the two in terms of machining range, CNC lathes are mainly used to process rotary parts, while machining centers are used to process complex types of parts such as surface grooves.
From the perspective of the tool magazine form, the CNC lathe does not have a tool magazine, but has a tool holder on the bed. The CNC machining center is equipped with a manipulator with a tool magazine, which can be equipped with tools of various machining forms.
The fundamental difference between CNC machining centers and CNC lathes is that machining centers have the ability to automatically change machining tools. By selecting tools for different purposes installed on the tool magazine, automatic tool change in one clamping is realized, and multi-process machining is realized. This machining process reduces the number of workpieces installed and ensures machining accuracy. CNC lathes can complete one process of machining.
The basic programming codes of the two CNC lathes and CNC machining centers are mostly the same, but some special instructions may not be common between systems. Specific situations should be handled according to actual needs.
Through the comparison of the above aspects, it is not difficult to see that the machining center is powerful. It integrates the functions of milling, grinding, drilling and tapping, and is a CNC machine tool with comprehensive machining functions. It can also be understood that choosing a machining center machine tool to make any hardware products and mold products can complete the required machining tasks. The advantages of the machining function of the machining center are more than these, convenient operation, high precision, good performance, high efficiency, less manpower and long service life.